Dr. Manohara, K. K.      Senior Scientist (Genetics & Plant Breeding) & Section in-charge (Crop Science)







                                                                Address: G-4, Crop Science (Crop Science)

                                                                ICAR - CCARI,               

                                                                Old Goa 403 402

                                                                Email:  manohara.kk@icar.gov.in, manohar.gpb@gmail.com




Academic background:

Ph.D., Genetics and Plant Breeding from UAS Bengaluru, 2008

M.Sc. (Agri) Genetics and Plant Breeding from UAS Dharwad, 2003

B. Sc (Agri) Agriculture & allied subjects from UAS Dharwad, 2000


Area of Specialization / Research interests

  • Plant Breeding and Genetics, Breeding rice varieties for coastal saline soils, Marker assisted selection, Germplasm collection, conservation and utilization.

Significant Contibutions:

  • Developed four high yielding salt tolerant paddy varieties viz., Goa Dhan 1, Goa Dhan 2, Goa Dhan 3 and Goa Dhan 4 (SVRC release). These medium-duration rice varieties yield 70-80% more compared to the locally cultivated varieties. Additionally, they possess a grain type that meets the preferences of local consumers in the state of Goa.

  • Co-developer of cowpea variety Goa Cowpea 3 (SVRC release) recommended for cultivation in the rice fallow areas of Goa state.

  • Co-developer of rice variety DRR Dhan 58 (CVRC release) recommended for cultivation in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

  • Developed and registered rice landrace ‘Korgut’ (INGR No. 14055 and IC No. IC0599689) with ICAR-NBPGR as Genetic Stock showing tolerance to salt stress at seedling stage.

  • Collected and conserving more than 150 landraces and wild relatives of rice from Goa and adjoining districts in Karnataka and Maharashtra.


  • Recipient of Goa State Biodiversity Award in the ‘Applied Biodiversity Researcher’ category for the year 2022, in recognition of contributions in the field of agrobiodiversity, ecology, and environment.

  • ICAR CCARI best worker award (Scientist category): 2018-19

  • ICAR CCARI best worker award (Scientist category): 2020-21

  • Best Poster Presentation (first place) during International E-Symposium on Coastal Agriculture (ISCA Webinar): Transforming Coastal Zone for Sustainable Food and Income Security organized by Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research (ISCAR), Canning Town, West Bengal during 16-19th March, 2021.

Current focus:

  • Collection, conservation, characterization and utilization of rice landraces and wild relatives from west coast region of India.

  • Breeding and development of high yielding multiple stress tolerant rice varieties for the low lying salt affected coastal saline soils.

  • Pre-breeding, QTL mapping and Marker assisted selection.

Outreach and extension

·        Popularized drought-tolerant rice variety, Sahbhagi Dhan, in the upland areas of Goa State through extensive large-scale demonstrations and Front Line Demonstrations conducted over a period of more than 10 years in the villages of Goandongrim and Cotigao, located in the Canacona block of South Goa district. These efforts have resulted in a significant expansion in terms of area coverage, as well as an increase in farmers' productivity and net income.


Membership in professional societies        

  1. Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding, IARI, New Delhi

  2. Association of Rice Research Workers, CRRI, Cuttack

  3. Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research, CSSRI, Canning Town

  4. Society for Advancement of Rice Research, DRR, Hyderabad


Research Publications

Research articles 

  • Manohara, K. K., Morajkar, S., Shanbhag, Y., Phadte, P., & Singh, N. (2021). Haplotype analysis of Saltol QTL region in diverse landraces, wild rice and introgression lines of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization, 1-10. doi:10.1017/S1479262121000320.

  •  Ondrasek, G., Rathod, S., Manohara, K. K., Gireesh, C., Anantha, M. S., Sakhare, A. S., Parmar, B., Yadav, B. K., Bandumula, N., Raihan, F., Zielińska-Chmielewska, A., Meriño-Gergichevich, C., Reyes-Díaz, M., Khan, A., Panfilova, O., Seguel Fuentealba, A., Romero, S. M., Nabil, B., Wan, C., Shepherd, J. and Horvatinec, J. Salt Stress in Plants and Mitigation Approaches. Plants. 2022; 11(6):717. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11060717

  • Shiragudikar, S.K., Bharamagoudar, G., Manohara, K.K. et al. Insight Analysis of Deep Learning and a Conventional Standardized Evaluation System for Assessing Rice Crop's Susceptibility to Salt Stress during the Seedling Stage. SN COMPUT. SCI. 4, 262 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42979-022-01656-2

  • Paramesh, V., Kumar, P., Parajuli, R., Francaviglia, R., Manohara, K. K., Arunachalam, V., Mayekar, T., Toraskar, S. A. Life Cycle Assessment of Rice–Rice and Rice–Cowpea Cropping Systems in the West Coast of India. Land. 2023; 12(2):502. ht.tps://doi.org/10.3390/land12020502.

  • Paramesh, V., Kumar, P., Shamim, M., Ravisankar, N., Arunachalam, V., Nath, A. J., Mayekar T, Singh R, Prusty AK, Rajkumar RS, Panwar AS, Reddy VK, Pramanik M, Das A, Manohara KK, Babu S, Kashyap P. Integrated Farming Systems as an Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change: Case Studies from Diverse Agro-Climatic Zones of India. Sustainability. 2022; 14(18):11629. https://doi.org/10.3390/su141811629.

  • Paramesha, V., Parveen Kumar., Manohara, K. K., Viswanatha Reddy K., Dinesh Jinger and Bappa Das. Energy budgeting, sensitivity analysis and greenhouse gas emission from rice(Oryza sativa) production system: A case study from the coastal ecosystem of Goa, India. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2022: 67 (4): 348-353.

  • Rekha, G., Abhilash Kumar, V., Gokulan, C. G., Koushik, M. B. V. N., Laxmi Prasanna., Swapnil Kulkarni., Aleena, D., Harika, G., Hajira, S. K., Pranathi, K., Punniakoti, E., Kale, R. R., Dilip Kumar., Ayyappa, D., Anila, M., Pradya Sinha., Manohara, K. K., Padmavathi, G., Subba Rao, L. V., Laha G. S., Srinivas Prasad, M. S., Fiyaz. R. A., Suneetha K., Balachandran S. M., Hitendra Kumar Patel., Ramesh V., Sonti R. V., Senguttuvel and Sundaram, R. M.  DRR Dhan 58, a Seedling Stage Salinity Tolerant NIL of Improved Samba Mahsuri Shows Superior Performance in Multi-location Trials. Rice 15, 45 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12284-022-00591-3

  • Manohara, K. K., Morajkar, S., and Y Shanbagh, Y. (2020). Genetic analysis of grain yield and its associated traits in diverse salt-tolerant rice genotypes under coastal salinity condition. Journal of Cereal Research 12(3):290-296. http:// doi.org/10.25174/2582-2675/2020/105442.

  •  Krishnamurthy, S. L., Sharma, P. C., Sharma, D. K., Singh, Y. P., Mishra, V. K., Burman, D., Maji, B., Mandal, S., Sarangi, S. K., Gautam, R. K., Singh, P. K., Manohara, K. K., Marandi, B. C., Chattopadhyay, K., Padmavathi, G., Vanve, P. B., Patil, K. D., Thirumeni, S., Verma, O. P., Khan, A. H., Tiwari, S., Geetha, S., Gill, R., Yadav, V. K., Roy, B., Prakash, M., Anandan, A., Bonifacio, J., Ismail, A. M., and Singh, R. K. (2021).  Additive main effects and multiplicative interaction analyses of yield performance in rice genotypes for general and specific adaptation to salt stress in locations in India. Euphytica 217, 20 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-020-02730-7.

  •  Paramesh, V., Chakurkar, E. B., Bhagat, T., Sreekanth, G. B., Kumar, H. B., Rajkumar S., Gokuldas, P. P., Mahajan, G. R., Manohara, K. K., and Ravisankar N. 2021. "Impact of integrated farming system on residue recycling, nutrient budgeting and soil health. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 91(1) : 44-48.

  • Manohara, K. K., Morajkar, S., Shanbagh, Y. and Patil, K. 2020. Response of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp]  genotypes under residual moisture condition in rice-fallow area of Goa state, India. Legume Research. DOI: 10.18805/LR-4228.

  •  Paramesh, V., Sreekanth, G.B., Chakurkar, E. B., Kumar, H.B., Gokuldas, P.P., Manohara, K.K., Ramdas Mahajan, G., Rajkumar, R.S., Ravisankar, N. and Panwar, A.S., 2020. Ecosystem Network Analysis in a Smallholder Integrated Crop–Livestock System for Coastal Lowland Situation in Tropical Humid Conditions of India. Sustainability, 12(12), p.5017. 

  • Paramesh, V., Parajuli, R., Chakurkar, E.B., Sreekanth, G.B., Kumar, H.B.C., Gokuldas, P.P., Mahajan, G.R., Manohara, K.K., Viswanatha, R.K., Ravisankar, N. 2019. Sustainability, energy budgeting, and life cycle assessment of crop-dairy-fish-poultry mixed farming system for coastal lowlands under humid tropic condition of India. Energy, 188, 116101. DOI: 10.1016/j.Energy.2019.116101.

  •  Das, B., Manohara, K. K., Mahajan, G. R., & Sahoo, R. N. 2019. Spectroscopy based novel spectral indices, PCA- and PLSR-coupled machine learning models for salinity stress phenotyping of rice. Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 229:117983. doi:10.1016/j.saa.2019.117983.

  •  Manohara, K. K., Morajkar, S., Shanbagh, Y., Phadte, P. and Patil, K. 2019. Hybridity assessment in experimental F1s of rice (Oryza sativa L.) using microsatellite markers. National Academy Science Letters, 43(2), 133-136. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40009-019-00832-y.

  •  Manohara, K. K., Bhosle, S. P. and Singh, N. P. 2019. Phenotypic diversity of rice landraces collected from Goa state for salinity and agro-morphological traits. Agricultural Research. 8(1):1-8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-018-0354-2.

  •  Manohara, K. K. and Shashidhar, H. E. 2018. Selection efficiency for grain yield and its attributing traits in early segregating generations of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under aerobic condition. Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences. 6(6): 393-397. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.7159.

  •  Krishnamurthy, S. L., Sharma, P. C., Sharma, D. K., Ravikiran, K. T., Singh, Y. P., Mishra, V. K., Burman, D., Maji, B., Mandal, S., Sarangi, S. K., Gautam, R. K., Singh, P. K., Manohara, K. K., Marandi, B. C., Singh, Pamavathi, G., Vanve, P. B., Patil, K. D., Thirumeni, S., Verma, O. P., Khan, A. H., Tiwari, S., Geetha, S., Shakila, M., Gill, R., Yadav, V. K., Roy, S. K. B., Prakash, M, Bonifacio, J., Ismail, A., Gregorio, G. B., and Singh, R. K.  2017. Identification of mega-environments and rice genotypes for general and specific adaptation to saline and alkaline stresses in India. Scientific reports. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-08532-7.

  • Krishnamurthy, S. L., Sharma, S. K., Sharma, D. K., Sharma, P. C., Singh, Y. P., Mishra, V. K., Burman, D., Maji, B., Bandyopadhyay, B. K., Mandal, S., Sarangi, S. K., Gautam, R. K., Singh, P. K., Manohara, K. K., Marandi, B. C., Singh, D. P., Pamavathi, G., Vanve, P. B., Patil, K. D., Thirumeni, S., Verma, O. P., Khan, A. H., Tiwari, S., Shaikla, M., Ismail, A. M., Gregorio, G. B. And Singh, R. K. 2016. Analysis of stability and G X E interaction of rice genotypes across saline and alkaline environments in India. Cereal Research Communications. 44: 349-360. doi: 10.1556/0806.43.2015.055.

  •  Manohara, K. K., Chattopadhay, K., Marandi, B. C., Singh, O. N. and Singh, N. P. 2015. Korgut (IC0599689; INGR 14055), a rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm tolerant (SES score 3) to salinity stress (EC=12 dsm-1) at seedling stage. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources. 28(3): 366-367.

  •  Manohara, K. K. and Singh, N. P. 2015. Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under coastal salinity conditions of Goa. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research. 33(1): 34-39.

  •  Manohara, K. K. and Singh, N. P. 2013. Genetic divergence among rice landraces of Goa. Oryza, 50(2): 100-104.



  • Manohara, K. K., Desai, A. R., Arunachalam and Singh, N. P. (2014). Protecting plant varieties and farmers’ rights: Perspectives from Goa. Training Manual No. 4, ICAR Research Complex for Goa, Old Goa, Goa 403402.

  • Manohara, K.K., Arunachalam, V. and Singh, N.P. 2011.  Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2001.  Training Manual No.14. ICAR Research Complex for Goa, Old Goa, Goa 403 402.

  • Manjunath, B.L., Prabhu Desai, H.R., Ramesh, R., Manohara, K.K. and Singh, N.P. 2011.  Improved production techonlogy for rice in Goa.  Technical Bulletin No.24. ICAR Research Complex for Goa, Old Goa, Goa 403 402.