Dr. V Arunachalam    Principal Scientist (Horticulture)  & Section in-charge (Horticultural Science)






                                                                                Address: F-8, Horticulture,


                                                                Old Goa 403 402

                                                                Email: v.arunachalam@icar.gov.in , arun.ceo.innovations@gmail.com








Academic background:

Ph.D. Horticulture- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 1996

M.Sc Horticulture- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 1992


PG Diploma (Bioinformatics) –Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, 2004


B.Sc.(Horticulture)- Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, 1990


Online course in Bioinformatics- S*consortium of eight universities around the world-2004


Certificate course in Intellectual property rights – WIPO-2005


Research interests and current focus

Marker express 1.0 software developed to locate RAPD/ISSR primers & design iSCAR primers. It was validated using expressed sequences and published polymorphic RAPD primers on oil palm. DG-MAP software was developed for locating RAPD and SSR priming sites and to work out the distance between the priming sites. It was validated using genome sequence of cucumber. The software successfully mapped the known and predicted markers closely linked to F locus.). (Horticulture Fifty three germplasm accessions of tubers, vegetables and ornamental crops were collected from Goa. Six accessions of Noni were collected from of Goa. One out of 12 amaranthus accessions showed no infestation of root knot nematodes. Blue, yellow and red crossandra accessions conserved for utilisation. Konkan lemon a seedless variety was established well in coconut as mixed crop. Aksaya an ornamental sweet potato variety was developed, 5000 cuttings of the variety was distributed. Experiment of high density dwarf arecanut established.



Outreach and extension

  • Planting material of Konkan lemon, Barbodos cherry, marigold and vegetables were distributed

  • Seeds of improved varieties of vegetables were distributed to farmers of tribal villages in Canacona.

  • Areca leaf plate making machine was popularized and six units were handed over to tribal self help groups

Membership in professional societies        

  1. International Society of Noni Science

  2. Horticultural Society of India

  3. Indian Society of Plantation Crops

  4. Indian Society of Plant Physiology

  5. Association for Coastal Agricultural Research, Goa

Awards and honours

  1. Recipient of award as one of top 45 innovations of India Innovation Growth Program 2014 of DST-Lockheed Martin-Stanford Graduate Business School-IC2 Institute University of Texas at Austin-IndoUS Science and Technology Forum-TIE-FICCI.

  2. Recipient of NAIP Fellowship for undergoing the International Training on Allele mining at Molecular Cytogenetics Lab of Prof JS (Pat) Heslop-Harrsion, University of Leicester, UK) WRKY transcription factors and  NBS-LRR resistance genes in  Banana during  1 Oct to 23 Dec  2013.

  3. Associate Editor-Agriculture –Open access books Program (Versita Publishing, Poland) 2012-13.

  4. Vice President (Bioinformatics Club for experimental scientists) Bioclues www.biolcues.org (2011-12)

  5. Member Editorial Board, International Journal for Computational Biology 

  6. Research supervisor at Kannur and Calicut and Mangalore Universities India

  7. Associate Editor-Agriculture –Open access books Program (Versita Publishing, Poland) 2012-13

  8. Recipient of IISc(Indian Institute of Science)-(DBT (Department of Biotechnology) India postdoctoral fellowship to work at ICRISAT (International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics) Patancheru with Dr Kiran K Sharma on tissue specific gene promoters (2006-2008).

  9. Recipient of Outstanding team award of ICAR New Delhi (V. A. Parthasarathy; P.M. Kumaran; M. J. Ratnambal; A Karun; V. Niral; V. Arunachalam; A Upadhyay) for the biennium 1999-2000 for the work on coconut germplasm.

  10. Member Editorial Board Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment (WFL Publishers) Finland (Oct 2017 on wards).  

 Academic/ Student advising

Research Publications


  • Paramesh, V., Kumar, P., Parajuli, R., Francaviglia, R., Manohara, K. K., Arunachalam, V., Mayekar, T., & Toraskar, S. (2023). A Life Cycle Assessment of Rice–Rice and Rice–Cowpea Cropping Systems in the West Coast of India. Land12(2), 502. https://doi.org/10.3390/land12020502

  • Arunachalam, V., Salgaonkar, D. C., Kevat, N. V., Walawalkar, B. V., & Das, B. (2022). Quantification of betacyanin content variation of amaranth varieties by an Android App, colorimeter, and infrared spectroscopy. Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 50(10), 100145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjac.2022.100145

  • Arunachalam, V. (2022) Quick identification of banana varieties by minimal qualitative descriptor traits. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett.45: 111–113   https://doi.org/10.1007/s40009-021-01085-4

  • Reddy, K. V., Paramesh, V., Arunachalam, V., Das, B., Ramasundaram, P., Pramanik, M., Sridhara, S., Reddy, D.D., Alataway, A., Dewidar, A.Z. & Mattar, M. A. (2022). Farmers’ Perception and Efficacy of Adaptation Decisions to Climate Change. Agronomy, 12(5), 1023. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12051023

  • Paramesh, V., Kumar, P., Shamim, M., Ravisankar, N., Arunachalam, V., Nath, A. J., Mayekar, T., Singh, R., Prusty, A.K., Rajkumar, R.S. & Kashyap, P. (2022). Integrated farming systems as an adaptation strategy to climate change: Case studies from diverse agro-climatic zones of India. Sustainability, 14(18), 11629. https://doi.org/10.3390/su141811629

  • Gopal, M., Gupta, A., Arunachalam, V., Maheswarappa, H. P., Thomas, G. V., & Jacob, P. M. (2022). Autochthonous nutrient recycling driven by soil microbiota could be sustaining high coconut productivity in Lakshadweep Islands sans external fertilizer application. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 38(11), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-022-03373-7

  • Paramesh, V., Kumar, P., Nath, A. J., Francaviglia, R., Mishra, G., Arunachalam, V., & Toraskar, S. (2022). Simulating soil organic carbon stock under different climate change scenarios: A RothC model application to typical land-use systems of Goa, India. Catena, 213, 106129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2022.106129

  • Paramesh, V., Ravisankar, N., Behera, U., Arunachalam, V., Kumar, P., Solomon Rajkumar, R., Dhar Misra, S., Mohan Kumar, R., Prusty, A.K., Jacob, D. & Rajkumar, S. (2022). Integrated farming system approaches to achieve food and nutritional security for enhancing profitability, employment, and climate resilience in India. Food and Energy Security, e321. https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.321

  • Singh, S. K., Mohekar, D. S. R., Arunachalam, V., Kumar, N., Chattaraj, S., Jenna, R. K., Das, B., & Kumar, P. (2022). Land resource inventorying (LRI) on 1: 10K–National soil priority of India. Geoderma Regional, 29, e00524. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geodrs.2022.e00524

  • Gupta, M. J., Paramesha, V., Thangam, M., & Arunachalam, V. (2021). Energy analysis of different cucumber varieties in protected cultivation under humid tropic condition of West Coast, India. Progressive Horticulture, 53(1), 90-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/2249-5258.2021.00016.6

  • Arunachalam, V. (2021) Quick identification of banana varieties by minimal qualitative descriptor traits. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. on line published 15.10.2021 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40009-021-01085-4

  • Paramesh, V., Singh, S. K., Mohekar, D. S., Arunachalam, V., Misra, S. D., Jat, S. L., Kumar, P., Nath, A.J., Kumar, N., Mahajan, G.R. and  Bhagat, T. Impact of sustainable land‐use management practices on soil carbon storage and soil quality in the Goa state of India. Land Degradation & Development. on line published 15.10.2021 https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.4124

  • Kumar, P., Desai, A.R., Arunachalam, V., Gupta, M.J., Paramesha, V., Rajkumar, R.S., Maneesha, S.R.,Srikanth, G.B., Mahajan, G.R., Desai, S., Shishira, D., Janjal, A.V. (2021) A conceptual framework for agro–ecotourism development for livelihood security. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 66 (5th IAC Special issue): S184-S190.

  • Arunachalam, V., Vaingankar, J. D., & Kevat, N. (2021). Foliar traits in papaya plants intercropped in coconut. National Academy Science Letters, 44(3):267-270. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40009-020-00981-5

  • Krishna, V.R.; Paramesh, V.; Arunachalam, V.; Das, B.; Elansary, H.O.; Parab, A.; Reddy, D.D.; Shashidhar, K.S.; El-Ansary, D.O.; Mahmoud, E.A.; El-Sheikh, M.A. Assessment of sustainability and priorities for development of Indian west coast region: An application of sustainable livelihood security indicators. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8716. https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/20/8716

  • Arunachalam, V., Fernandes, C.M., and Salgaonkar, D. C. (2020). Quick method to quantify the potassium and sodium content variation in leaves of banana varieties. Analytical  Sciences. 36(10): 255-1260. https://doi.org/10.2116/analsci.20P096 online published 29 May 2020 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/analsci/36/10/36_20P096/_article/-char/en

  • Das, B., Nair, B., Arunachalam, V., Reddy, K. V., Venkatesh, P., Chakraborty, D., & Desai, S. (2020). Comparative evaluation of linear and nonlinear weather-based models for coconut yield prediction in the west coast of India. International Journal of Biometeorology, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-020-01884-2

  • Paramesh, V., Arunachalam, V., & Nath, A. J. (2019). Enhancing ecosystem services and energy use efficiency under organic and conventional nutrient management system to a sustainable arecanut based cropping system. Energy, 187, 115902.

  • Arunachalam, V., Prabhu D.C. (2019) Occurrence of leaf tip mutation in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). Current Science. 116: 1466-1467. https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/116/09/1466.pdf

  • Paramesh, V., Arunachalam, V., Nikkhah, A., Das, B., Ghnimi, S. 2018. Optimization of energy consumption and environmental impacts of arecanut production through coupled data envelopment analysis and life cycle assessment. Journal of Cleaner Production. 203, 674-684.

  • John, K. J., Nair, R. A., Suma, A., Unnikrishnan, M., & Arunachalam, V. (2018) Agro-biodiversity and ethnobotany of Lakshadweep Islands of India. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 65: 2083-2094. DOI 10.1007/s10722-018-0676-8https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10722-018-0676-8

  • Arunachalam, V. (2018). Morinda citrifolia L.(Rubiaceae): a multi-purpose tree for coastal ecosystems and its variability in Konkan region of India. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 65(6), 1751-1765. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10722-018-0642-5

  • Vaingankar, JD, Maruthadurai R, Sellaperumal, C, Dhargalkar, SD, Harihar, S, and Arunachalam, V. (2018) Tapping the potential of vegetable amaranth genotype to trap the root knot nematode pest. Scientia Horticulturae. (Elsevier): 230:18-24. doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2017.10.037

    Manju, K. P., Manimekalai, R., Naganeeswaran, S. A., Arunachalam, V., & Karun, A. (2016). Microsatellites mining in date palm ('Phoenix dactylifera'L.) and their cross transferability across' Arecaceae'family. Plant Omics Journal 9(3), 191-197. DOI:10.21475/poj.16.09.03.p7793 http://www.pomics.com/manimekalai_9_3_2016_191_197.pdf

    Arunachalam, V. Dhargalkar, S.D, Vaingankar, J.D. and Kevat, N. (2016) Pigment rich amaranth genotypes by tri-stimulus colorimetry and progeny test. National Academy of Sci. Lett. 39: 411-415 DOI: 10.1007/s40009-016-0491-8

  • Murugesan, P. Maryrani, K.L., Ramajayam, D. Sunil Kumar, K. Mathur, R.K. Ravichandran, G. Naveen Kumar, P. and Arunachalam, V. (2015) Genetic diversity of vegetative and bunch traits of African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) germplasm in India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 85 (7): 32-35.

  • Premkrishnan, B.V. and Arunachalam, V. (2016) Database of predicted SCAR markers in five fruit and three vegetable crops. J Genet. 95(1):  171-175

  • Sunkara, S, Arunachalam, V. Bhatnagar-Mathur, P. and Sharma, K.K. (2014) Isolation, cloning and characterization of 5’ upstream region of galactose binding seed lectin gene of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of SAT Agricultural Research. 04/2014:12.

  • Arunachalam, V (2014) Computational genomics of plants. CAB Reviews  9: 036.

  • Jerard BA, Niral V, Dhanapal  R, Damodaran V, Arunachalam V, Rajesh MK, Devakumar K Samsudeen K, Nair RV, Kumaran PM, Thomas GV (2014) IND 221–Andaman Horned Cocos (IC0598221; INGR13063), a Coconut (Cocosnucifera) Germplasm with Distinct  Character of Horny Nuts. Indian J Plant Genet. Resour. 27(1): 76-77.

  • Jerard BA, Niral V, Dhanapal  R, Damodaran V, Rizal SK, Arunachalam V, Sankaran M,  Nair RV,  Ratnambal MJ, Rao EVVB, Koshy PK, Thomas GV (2014) IND 099–NiuLeka Green Dwarf (EC0415218; INGR13065), a Coconut (Cocosnucifera) germplasm of short Statured palm but possessing the advantageous characters of talls. Indian J Plant Genet. Resour. 27(1): 78.

  • Seal, A., Gupta, A., Mahalaxmi, M., Aykkal, R., Singh, T.R. and Arunachalam, V. (2014) ‘Tools, resources and databases for SNPs and indels in sequences: a review’, International J. Bioinformatics Research and Applications10 (3): 264–296.

  • Arunachalam,V, Rajesh M.K, Jerard, B.A. Jayabose, C and Sairam, C.V  (2014) Characterization of a spicata mutant of coconut palm in India. Journal of Plantation Crops. 42(1):417-424.

  • Arunachalam,V, Jerard, B.A. Apshara, S.E. Jayabose, C  Subaharan, K,  Ravikumar, N  and Palaniswami, C. (2013) Digital phenotyping  of coconut and morphological traits associated with eriophyid mite infestation. Journal of Plantation Crops. 41(3):417-424.

  • Premkrishnan, B.V. and Arunachalam, V. (2012) In Silico RAPD Priming Sites in Expressed Sequences and iSCAR Markers for Oil Palm. Comparative and Functional Genomics . Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 913709, 5 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/913709

  • Azeez, S, Rajagopal, V. Jayarama Pai, T, and Arunachalam, V (2012) A comparison between the effects of coconut oil and other vegetable oils n human health with empahsis on heart disease.  J Plantation Crops. 40(1):16-22.

  • Singh T. R., Gupta A., Riju A., Mahalaxmi M., Seal A. and Arunachalam V. 2011 Computational identification and analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertions/deletions in expressed sequence tag data of Eucalyptus. J. Genet. 90, e34–e38.

  • Riju A Rajesh MK Sherin PTPF, Chandrasekar A Apshara SE Arunachalam V (2009) Mining of expressed sequence tag libraries of cacao for microsatellite markers using five computational tools. J. Genetics. (Springer & Indian Academy of Sciences) 88: 217–225.  

  • Niral, V. Jerard, BA, Samsudeen, K, Arunachalam, V, Kumaran, PM, Ratnambal, MJ, Rao, EVVB, Pillai, RV, Satyabalan, K, Nampoothiri, KUK, Nair, MK, Bavappa, KVA, Nair, RV, Thomas, GV, Reddy, VSK, Gautam, B, Kalpana, M, Rao, DVR, Nageswarao, MB, Srinivasalu, B, Vaithalingam, R, Natarajan, C, Kumar, M, Ganesan, NM, Nagwekar, DD & Arulraj, S. (2009) Release of coconut variety Kalpa Prathibha . Indian J Genet. Pl. Breed. 69(2):166.

  • Niral, V. Jerard, BA, Samsudeen, K, Arunachalam, V, Kumaran, PM, Ratnambal, MJ, Rao, EVVB, Pillai, RV, Satyabalan, K, Nampoothiri, KUK, Nair, MK, Bavappa, KVA, Nair, RV, Thomas, GV, Bandopadyay, A, Ghosh, DK, Hore, JK, Sarangi, A, Mitra, SK, Chattopadyay, PK, Maity, SC & Arulraj, S. (2009) Release of coconut variety Kalpa Mitra. . Indian J Genet. Pl. Breed. 69(2):166-167.

  • Niral, V. Jerard, BA, Samsudeen, K, Arunachalam, V, Kumaran, PM, Ratnambal, MJ, Rao, EVVB, Pillai, RV, Satyabalan, K, Nampoothiri, KUK, Nair, MK, Bavappa, KVA, Nair, RV, Thomas, GV, Kumarm M, Ganesan, NM & Arulraj, S. (2009) Release of coconut variety Kalpa Denu . Indian J Genet. Pl. Breed. 69(2):167.

  • Rajesh MK, Nagarajan, P, Jerard B.A., Arunachalam V Dhanapal, R(2008) Microsatellite variability of coconut accessions from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Current Science (Indian Academy of Sciences) 94(12): 1627-1631.  

  • Rajesh MK, Arunachalam V Nagarajan, P, Lebrun P. Samsudeen K. Thamban, C. (2008) Genetic survey of ten Indian coconut landraces by simple sequence repeats (SSRs). Sci. Hort. (Elsevier)118: 282-287.  

  • Gopal, M. Gupta A., Arunachalam, V. and Magu, S.P.(2007)Impact of azadirachtin, an insecticidal allelo-chemical from neem on soil micro flora, enzyme and respiratory activities. Bioresource Technology (Elsevier) 98(16): 3154-3158.  

  • Sit, A.K. Bhattacharya, M. Sarkar, B. and Arunachalam, V (2007) Weed floristic composition in palm gardens in Plains of Eastern Himalayan region of West Bengal. Current Science. 92(10): 1434-1439.  

  • Arunachalam, V. and Reddy, DVS. (2007) Foliar traits of Jasmine plants intercropped in Coconut. Agroforestry Systems (Springer) 71:19-23.  

  • Arunachalam, V. Jerard, B.A. Damodaran, V. Ratnambal, M.J. and Kumaran, P.M. (2005) Phenotypic diversity in foliar traits in Coconut germplasm. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution (Springer) 52:1031-1037.

  • Sathishkumar, R, Lakshmi, P.T.V, Annamalai, A, Arunachalam, V. (2011) Mining of simple sequence repeats in the Genome of Gentianaceae. Pharmacognosy Res. 2011 Jan-Mar; 3(1): 19–29. doi: 10.4103/0974-490.7911

  • Manju, K.P. and Arunachalam, V. (2011) Bioinforamtic prediction of SNP markers in WRKY sequences of palms. Cord (Asia Pacific Coconut Community). 27(2), 17-25.

  • Arumugam, V Riju A. and Arunachalam, V (2010) Mining of expressed sequence tag (EST) libraries and core nucleotide sequences for simple sequence repeats (SSR) in papaya. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS).851: 197-200.  

  • Riju A and Arunachalam V (2010) Electronic Sorting of SNP/Indel Sites in Expressed Sequence Tag Libraries of Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.). Genes, Genomes Genomics (Global Science Books) 4: (1) 37-40.   

  • Riju A and Arunachalam V (2010) Mining for Simple Sequence Repeats from Expressed Sequence Tag Libraries of Banana. Genes, Genomes Genomics (Global Science Books) 4(1): 18-21.

  • Riju, A and Arunachalam V (2010) Data mining for simple sequence repeats in oil palm expressed sequence tags. Nature Precedings

  • Riju, A. Chandrasekhar, A. Arunachalam, V.(2007) Mining for Single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertions/deletions in expressed sequence tag libraries of oil palm. Bioinformation 2(4): 128-131. 

  • Kasturi Bai, K. V. , Muralidharan, K. Arunachalam V and Rajagopal, V (2010) Heterosis for drought tolerant traits in coconut. Journal of Plantation Crops. 38 (2): 87-91.

  • Jayabose, C Ganesh, S, Natarajan, C. Arunachalam, V and S. Arulraj (2010) Variability and heterosis in spathe traits of coconut (Cocos nucifera L. ). Journal of Plantation Crops. 38 (2): 157-160.

  • Sit, AK, Arunachalam, V and Acharya GC (2008) Cultivar and Nutrient levels influence the aerial roots and morphometric tra its in arecanut palm (Areca catechu L). The Horticulture Journal. 21(3): 121-124.

  • Arunachalam, V. and Rajesh, M.K.(2008) Breeding of coconut palm. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources.CAB Reviews: (CABI Press) 3(053):1-12.

  • Apshara SE Arunachalam V Jayabose C Kumaran PM (2007) Evaluation of coconut hybrids for tender nut purpose. Indian Journal of Horticulture 64(3): 320-323.

  • Arunachalam V Sit AK Bhattachrya M (2007) Edible leaves of Jalpaiguri district West Bengal India. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS) 752:563-570.  

  • Sit AK Acharya GC Arunachalam V (2007) Performance of seedlings of different coconut cultivars and hybrids under Sub-Himalayan Terai region of West Bengal. Environment and Ecology. 25 (S2): 304-306.

  • Kasturi Bai, K.V. Rajagopal, V. and Arunachalam, V.(2006) Assessment of diversity in coconut varieties for drought responsive physiological traits. Journal of Plantation Crops 34(2): 118-120.

  • Sairam, C.V., Arulraj, S. Thamban, C. Samsudeen, K., Bosco, S.J.D., Rajagopal, V. and Arunachalam, V. (2006) Farmer’s preference for coconut varieties – a participatory analysis. CORD. (Asian Pacific Coconut Community) XXII (1): 59-65.

  • Kumaran PM Arunachalam V Nampoothiri, K.U.K., Pillai, R.V., Ratnambal, M.J., Niral, V. and Namboothiri, C.G.N.(2006) Performance of coconut hybrids in rainfed conditions.Journal of Plantation Crops 34(1): 11-14.

  • Arunachalam V (2005) Phenotypic traits of genetic twins in coconut palm. Seed Technology (Allen Press) 27(1): 104-107.

  • Siju Thomas, T. Rajagopal, V. Naresh Kumar, S. Arunachalam, V. and Vinu K Cherian (2005) Stability analysis for dry matter production and yield components of coconut in two agroclimatic regions of India. Indian Journal of Plant Physiol. 10(1) NS: 1-8.

  • Kumaran PM Arunachalam V Dash DK (2004) Collecting coconut diversity of Orissa India. Journal of Plantation Crops 32(Suppl.) 39-45.

  • Arunachalam V Jayabose C (2004) Crop productivity and scientific productivity in horticulture. Science & Culture 70(3-4):161-162.

  • Ratnambal MJ Arunachalam V Krishnan M (2003) Floral biology of some coconut accessions. Journal of Plantation Crops 31(1): 14-22.

  • Ratnambal, M.J., Arunachalam, V. Jerard, B.A, Rizal, S.K., Damodaran, V. (2002) Biometric analysis of diversity in Pacific Ocean Coconut populations. CORD. (Asian Pacific Coconut Community XVIII (2): 74-88.

  • Arunachalam, V. Jerard, B.A. Elangovan, M. Ratnambal, M.J. Dhanapal, R. Rizal, S.K. and Damodaran, V. (2001) Unexploited diversity in coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.). Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter. (Bioversity International) 127:39-43. 

  • Ratnambal, M.J. Kumaran,P.M. Arunachalam, V. Niral,V. Upadyay,A. and Parthasarathy,V.A.. (2001) Coconut genetic resources –genetic and molecular approaches. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources 14(2): 182-184. 

  • Arunachalam,V. and Kaicker, U.S. (1993) Embryo culture and in vitro germination studies on rosaceous plants with special reference to Rosa - A review. Agricultural Reviews. 14(4): 169-174.

  • Arunachalam,V. and Kaicker, U.S. (1993) SFR- an index to measure the germination of rose seeds. Indian Rose Annual. XI: 145-148.


Books, book chapters

  • Arunachalam, V. (2021). Palms in an ‘Omics’ era. In: M. K. Rajesh, S. V. Ramesh, Lalith Perera & Chittaranjan Kole  (Editors) The Coconut Genome (pp. 103-118). Springer, Cham.

  • https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-76649-8

  • Arunachalam, V., Ramesh, S. V., Paulraj, S., Babu, B. K., Muralikrishna, K. S., & Rajesh, M. K. (2021). Endosperm oil biosynthesis: A case study for trait related gene evolution in coconut. In: M. K. Rajesh, S. V. Ramesh, Lalith Perera & Chittaranjan Kole  (Editors) The Coconut Genome, (pp. 145-157). Springer, Cham https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-76649-8

  • Arunachalam, V., Ramesh, S. V., Rajesh, M. K., & Muralikrishna, K. S. (2021). Aroma and fragrance: A case Study for trait-related gene evolution in coconut.  In: M. K. Rajesh, S. V. Ramesh, Lalith Perera & Chittaranjan Kole  (Editors) The Coconut Genome (pp. 159-164). Springer, Cham. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-76649-8

  • Arunachalam V. (2021) Date Palm Bioinformatics. In: Al-Khayri J.M., Jain S.M., Johnson D.V. (eds) The Date Palm Genome, Vol. 1. Compendium of Plant Genomes. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73746-7_11

  • Bourdeix, R., Arunachalam, V. & Hamelin, C. (2018). 2.4.1 Local genebank management systems - Chapter 2. Where we are today. In R. Bourdeix & A. Prades (Eds.), A Global Strategy for the Conservation and Use of Coconut Genetic Resources 2018-2028. (pp. 68-69). Montpellier, France. Bioversity International.https://www.bioversityinternational.org/e-library/publications/detail/global-strategy-for-the-conservation-and-use-of-coconut-genetic-resources-2018-2028-summary-brochu/

  • Arunachalam, V., and Rajesh, M. K. (2017). Coconut genetic diversity, conservation and utilization. In:(MR Ahuja and SM Jain (eds) Biodiversity and Conservation of Woody Plants (pp. 3-36). Springer International Publishing AG 2017. DOI 10-1007/978-3-319-66426-2

  • Arunachalam, V. Jerard BA, Manju, KP and Niral, V (2014) Alternate genetics and genomics of coconut. In: George V. Thomas, V. Krishnakumar and B. Augustine Jerard (Eds.) Improving productivity and profitability in coconut farming. Proc. International Conference on Coconut Biodiversity for Prosperity, 2010, Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Kasaragod, Kerala, India 97-101.

  • Arunachalam, V. and Ashwita, N. (2014). Grafting for propagation of noni. In: (Eds) P. Rethinam and T. Marimuthu. Proceedings of Ninth National Symposium on Noni for Everyone, International Centre Goa Sep 27-28, 2014, P.1-8

  • Heena, D. and Arunachalam, V. (2014). Leaf and fruit production in noni germplasm of Konkan coast of Goa and Maharashtra. In: (Eds) P. Rethinam and T. Marimuthu. Proceedings of Ninth National Symposium on Noni for Everyone, International Centre Goa Sep 27-28, 2014,P.60-64.

  • Manohara KK, Desai AR Arunachalam V Singh NP (2014) Protecting plant varieties and farmers’ rights: Perspectives from Goa. Training manual No.4, ICAR Research Complex for Goa, Old Goa 403402 Goa India, 50pp. 

  • Arunachalam, V. (2012) Genomics of cultivated palms, 114 pages Elsevier Insights Series. Elsevier Inc., http://www.elsevierdirect.com/ISBN/9780123877369/Genomics-of-Cultivated-Palms

  • Ratnambal MJ Kumaran PM Muralidharan K Niral V Arunachalam V (1999)ed: : Improvement of plantation crops, CPCRI Kasaragod 268 pp.

  • Thamban C Samsudeen K Sairam CV Rajesh MK Arunachalam V Arulraj S Rajagopal V (2007) On farm diversity in coconut-participatory analysis in two coconut communities, CPCRI Kasaragod 22 pp.

Book chapters


  • Arunachalam, V.,(2022) Diversification options in coconut, arecanut gardens, and their ecosystem services. In: Arunachalam, V., Paramesh, V., Uthappa, A.R., Kumar, P. (2022)
    (Eds.) Ecosystem service analysis: concepts and applications in diverisified coconut and arecanut gardens. pp 10-18, ICAR Central Coastal Agricultural Research Institute, Ela Old Goa - 403402 Goa India. ISBN 978-81-956638-2-8

  • Arunachalam, V.,(2021) Nypa fruticans(Thunb.) Wurmb. In: Waman, A.A. and Bohra, P. eds Perennial underutilized horticultural species of India (pp 245-252). ISBN:
    978-93-90611-38-6 (HB) 978-93-90611-30-0 (PB). Jaya Publishing house, Rohini, Delhi India

  • Arunachalam, V.,(2022) Potential minor tuber crops genetic resources in Coastal Ecosystem of A&N islands and Lakshadweep In: Murugesan, P, Visalakshi Chandra C, A.V.V.
    Koundinya and Vikramaditya Pandey (Editors), 2022. Sustainable Exploitation of genetic resources of underutilized tuber crops ISBN: 978-81-957479-0-0, Pages 72-75 ICAR-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Sreekariyam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

  • Arunachalam, V., & (2022) Advances in Banana (Musa acuminata, M. balbisiana Colla) Production Technologies for the Coastal Ecosystems. In Transforming Coastal Zone for
    Sustainable Food and Income Security: Proceedings of the International Symposium of ISCAR on Coastal Agriculture, March 16–19, 2021 (pp. 181-187). Springer International Publishing.

  • Ramesh, S. V., Arunachalam, V., & Rajesh, M. K. (2020). Genomic designing of climate-smart Coconut. In: Kole C (ed) Genomic designing of climate-smart fruit crops (pp. 135-156). Springer, Cham

  • Arunachalam, V (2017) Chapter 33 Cocoa. In: Biotechnology of plantation crops (eds) Chowdappa, P. Karun, A. Rajesh, MK. Ramesh, SV. Daya Publishing House of Astral International Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi India 699-709.

  • Arunachalam, V (2014) Intellectual property rights, plant variety registration and farmers’ rights for other horticultural crops of Goa. In: Protecting plant varieties and farmers’ rights: Perspectives from Goa (ed. Manohara KK, Desai AR Arunachalam V Singh NP). 44-50.

  • Arunachalam V (2013) Practical on nursery techniques in different horticultural crops. (eds. Manjunath BL, Mahajan GR and Singh, NP. )Lecture notes of Short course on“Integrated Farming System Research for Improved Livelihood Option of Small and Marginal Farmers” held 4th-13th June 2013. Pages 47-53.

  • Ashwita, N. and Arunachalam, V. (2013). Phenotypic diversity of quantitative traits in noni in Konkan coast of India. Proc. Noni Search 2013 Eight National Symposium on “Noni for Sustainable Wellness”. Oct., 29-30 (ed. Rethinam, P. and Marimuthu, T.) pages 1-9.

  • Arunachalam, V. (2012) Scope of mechanization of product diversification in coconut and arecanut in Goa. technology inventory on agricultural mechanization for Goa. MJ Gupta, M Thangam, S Priya Devi and NP Singh eds (2012) Technology inventory on agricultural mechanization for Goa. Workshop cum Exhibition on agricultural mechanization for small and marginal farmers of Goa, 11-12 September 2012 ICAR (RC) Goa.

  • Arunachalam V (1999) Prospection and collection of coconut diversity. In: Improvement of plantation crops (ed: Ratnambal MJ Kumaran PM Muralidharan K Niral V Arunachalam V) CPCRI Kasaragod 12-19.

  • Arunachalam V Muralidharan K (1999) Statistical genetics of coconut. In: Improvement of plantation crops (ed: Ratnambal MJ Kumaran PM Muralidharan K Niral V Arunachalam V), CPCRI Kasaragod 232-237

  • Arunachalam, V. and Kaicker,U.S.. (1993) In vitro germination- a potential commercial method for roses. In Floriculture –Technology, trade and trends (ed. J.Prakash K.R.Bhandary) Oxford & IBH Press, India 410-411.

  • Kumaran, P.M. Koshy, P.K. Arunachalam, V. Niral, V. and Parthasasarathy, V.A. (2000) Biometric clustering of coconut populations of Indian ocean islands. In: Recent Advances in Plantation Crops (eds. N. Muraleedharan & R. Rajkumar). Allied Publishers, India 73-81.

  • Rajagopal V Kumaran PM Arulraj S Arunachalam V (2005) Country reports on status of coconut genetic resources research in India. In: Coconut Genetic Resources. (ed. Batugal, P., Rao, V.R. and Oliver, J.) IPGRI-APO, Serdang Malaysia 573-580.  


  • Plant genetic resources conservation in National Gene Bank New Delhi:

    Arunachalam, V. Germplasm collections from Goa, Maharastra :Amaranthus NBPGR IC numbers 0598178 to 0598193. Marigold NBPGR IC numbers 0598519 Chillies NBPGR IC numbers 0598517 to 0598518 Noni NBPGR IC numbers 0595272 to 0595277; 0598228 to 0598235; 0598515 to 0598516

  • Jerard BA, Niral V, Dhanapal  R, Damodaran V, Rizal SK, Arunachalam V, Sankaran M,  Nair RV,  Ratnambal MJ, Rao EVVB, Koshy PK, Thomas GV (2013) Registration of coconut germplasm IND 099. Niu Lekha Green Dwarf  (INGR 13065), NBPGR New Delhi.

  • Jerard BA, Niral V, Dhanapal  R, Damodaran V, Arunachalam V, Rajesh MK, Devakumar K Samsudeen K, Nair RV, Kumaran PM, Thomas GV (2013) Registration of coconut germplasm IND 221. Andaman horned Cocos (INGR 13063), NBPGR New Delhi.

  • Manohara KK Arunachalam V Singh NP (2011) (ed.) Proceedings of Training-cum-awareness programme on Protection of Plant varieties and & Farmers’ rights Act, 2001. Training manual No. 14 ICAR Research Complex for Goa, Old Goa Goa 403 402.

Databases / Softwares

  • Premkrishnan BV Arunachalam V (2013) FViSCArdb-database of predicted SCAR markers in fruit and vegetable crops. Updated version. http://www.bioinfoindia.org/fv-iscardb/

  • Premkrishnan BV Arunachalam V (2014) Marker express 2.0 A software for locating priming sites of RAPD/ISSR primers and to design in silico Sequence Characterized amplifiable region markers.