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Crop: Custard apple

Scientific name : Annona squamosa
Common / Local Name : Sitaphal

Introduction :

Custard apple requires warm and humid tropical climate, with mild winters. The optimum temperature requirement is 20 to 35oC. It can be successfully cultivated from sea level to even 1000M above MSL. A well drained soil is ideal for the crop. Crop is suitable for soils of shallow depth and also saline nature.

Land preparation :

The land should be ploughed well and pits of 60 m3 should be dug out. In Goa, it is cultivated in most of the backyards.

planting :

The pits should be kept open for 2-3 weeks. Later on, 15-20 kg of manure should be mixed with the dug out or top soil and then, filled back into the pit. Well established grafts should be planted in the centre of the pit. Spacing of 5 x 5m can be followed. Staking need to be provided to avoid lodging.


Varieties :


Arka Sahan

Related species :

Annona reticulata- Bullock’s heart, Bull’s heart, Ram phal
A muricata- Soursop. Laksman Phal
A cherimola –Cherimoya, Cherimola

A atemoya (Annona squamosa x A cherimola) ? Atemoya

zoomable2Arka Sahan

zoomable2Custard Apple

zoomable2Custard Apple

image 1Lakshman Phal

zoomable2Lakshman Phal

image 1Ram Phal

zoomable2Ram Phal

image 1

















Nutrient Management :

A dose of FYM @ 10-15 kg and NPK @ 250:125:250g/plant/year should be applied in two split doses.  Full dose of FYM and half of chemical fertilizers should be applied at the beginning of monsoon season (April-May) and remaining half towards the end of the monsoon (October).

water Management :

Irrigate once in 7-8 days

weed Management :

Weeding as and when required to keep field clean

Intercultural operations :

The custard apple flower is hermaphroditic (male and female parts in the same flower) and exhibits protogynous dichogamy (stigmas/ female parts are receptive before the pollen is shed by the anthers), which limits self pollination. Currently hand pollination is mainly used to increase fruit set of low yielding varieties, for manipulation of the harvest period and better quality fruit.


Harvesting :

Average yield of 80-100 fruits/tree/year after 4-5 years of planting.

Post harvesting management:

Fresh fruits, ice cream, jam, jelly etc.,

Input availability

Input availability

Address/Contact details


ICAR farm/ State Govt Farms


For detailed list kindly click here


For detailed list kindly click here


Goa Bagayatdar Stores